General term for fabric with designs applied by means of dyes used on engraved rollers, wood blocks or screens.
Burn—out Print – Print showing raised designs on sheer ground. Made by printing design with chemical on fabric woven of paired threads of different fibers, then burning out one of the yarns from the parts printed. Often used on velvet.
Direct Print — Colors for designs applied directly to a cloth.
Synonyms — roller or application print.
Discharge or Extract Print – Method used for dark colored fabrics with white or colored designs. The cloth is piece—dyed and color is discharged or bleached in spots leaving white designs. when a basic color is added to discharge paste, a colored design is produced.
Duplex Print — Method of printing a pattern on the face and the back of the fabric with equal clarity. Often used on drapery fabrics. Imitates a woven design fabric.
Hand-blocked Print – Fabrics printed by hand with either wooden or linoleum blocks.
India Print — Muslin printed with design typical in form and color of those used in India. Genuine India prints are hand·blocked with nature patterns in glowing oriental colors. Imitations must be declared as such.
Jouy Print or Toile de Jouy — Cotton or linen fabric printed with modern reproductions of 18th Century French prizts. Often monotone landscapes or figure groups in red or blue on light or white grounds. Imitations must be indicated.
Photographic Printing – Application of a photographic image to cloth.
Resist Print – The principle used in batik dyeing. Substances which will resist dye are applied to a fabric in designs, and then the fabric is dyed and resist removed. Then some or all white areas are direct-printed. Then the “resist” is removed. See BATIK under Dyeing.
Screen Print — Method similar to a stencil. Background of designs is painted on screen (bolting cloth) with paste, and dye is printed through exposed fabric. Separate screens may be used for different colors.
Shadow Print – Silk, ribbon, or cretonne, woven withprinted warp yarn forming indistinct design. Reversible.
Stencil Print -A type of resist printing. Portions of the design to a be resisted are covered with paper or metal so those parts do not take
Warp Print — Warp yarns are printed with the design before weaving. Fillings are either white or neutral color. Greyed effect is produced.
Wedgwood Print – Print of white design on colored ground similar to the effect of Wedgwood china.